A Christian believer cannot laugh at sin; he rather mourns because of it. Trapp says that pentheo here in James 4:9 speaks of a "funeral grief" which is not a bad thought considering the fact that sin kills our fellowship with God! He comes to the surgeon and shows him all his wounds.
The change will occur as Spirit-wrought conviction seizes them. 2012. New International Version Update. A sinner fights against God (Acts 5:39). 4. (1) Nearness to God (James 4:8a) How oft my roving thoughts depart, https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/james-4.html. 12:10). A godly man weeps for clinging corruption.
An external mourning; when sorrow lies only on the outside. So we all exclaim often enough.
Even the desire to be a friend (wants to be a friend) of the world makes that one an enemy of God. Be weepers! He despises what men esteem, and values that which they despise.
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. In the next sentence occurs the kindred noun πένθος , mourning, into which laughter, also something manifest, is to be changed.
in N.T. Only here. It is insensitive to God". But how comes the apostle to make use of so many words to one purpose, be afflicted, mourn, weep, humble yourselves, &c.? First aorist active imperative ταλαιπωρεω talaipōreō old verb from ταλαιπωρος talaipōros (Romans 7:24), to endure toils, here only in N.T. Isaiah 33:1 Woe to you, O destroyer, While you were not destroyed (Heb = shadad = despoil, devastate; Lxx = talaiporeo); And he who is treacherous, while others did not deal treacherously with him. Has he not had a transforming work upon his heart? (Matthew 26:75 "he went out, and wept bitterly"; "Luke 7:38). We must mourn for sin, as it is an act of hostility and enmity against God. And so doth a mournful condition; if it be sanctified, it kills the vermin, it kills our lusts, and is a special means of mortification in the soul; and therefore blessed are they that do mourn, and carry themselves graciously in a mourning condition [The Saints’ Happiness, 38]. (cp Heb 3:13-note). https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/james-4.html. Young's Literal: be exceeding afflicted, and mourn, and weep, let your laughter to mourning be turned, and the joy to heaviness. The aorist imperative is probably ingressive: "become wretched." So sin "wars against the soul" (1Pe. Greek.
The word “humble” means to make low, bring low. It looks more ghastly than death or hell. My wants I mourn, my chains I see;
Gospel-mourning must be joined with hatred of sin. "Commentary on James 4:9". in.
James is not condemning legitimate laughter or joy but rather the flippant, trivial, worldly, self-centered, sensual kinds that unbelievers revel in, despite, and often because of, their sinful pleasures. Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.
A young pastor visited Dundee, Scotland, shortly after Robert Murray McCheyne died at age thirty. (D Edmond Hiebert - James). Amnon hated Tamar more than ever he loved her (2Sa 13:15). So Mark 16:10; Luke 6:25, etc. In prophetic language… James urges his readers to change their ways. KJV: Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. uncertain.
That aid is not withheld in the hour of need; and everywhere the Bible commands sinners to believe and repent.
The kindred noun ταλαιπωρία , misery, occurs James 5:1. Compare James 5:1. Are we willing to turn from it? 1871-8. "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible".
It is reported of holy John Bradford that scarcely a day passed him wherein he did not shed some tears for sin. Be turned into mourning; exchange your carnal joy for godly sorrow.
Yet sovereign mercy calls, “Return”; 1. It makes the thigh of sin to rot. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. Be assured, without restitution—no remission. "As for our transgressions, you shall purge them away"—there is faith triumphing. James 4:9. Ezra 10:6, cf Ezra 10:1, 2).
Sin cleaves to him like leprosy!
Our English noun mourning describes an outward sign of grief (such as wearing of black clothing) or a period of time during which such signs of grief are shown.
Be miserable and mourn and weep: talaiporhesate (2PAAM) kai penthesate (2PAAM) kai klausate (2PAAM): Hiebert feels that here James is calling for open repentance explaining that…, Three further aorist imperatives without any modifiers, "grieve, mourn and wail," unite to form an urgent demand for open and thorough repentance. And is he not deeply grieved by the awful dishonour which is now done to the Lord Jesus on every hand?
The mourning for the loss of God's favor—is the best way to regain His favor. ), I will visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes, are interpreted to mean that the pain suffered under liberal chastisement is one of the means of reconciliation with God; for instances of how chastisement has reconciled men to God, see Baba mezia, 84 a b.— πενθήσατε καὶ κλαύσατε: these words are found together in 2 Esdras 18:9 (= Nehemiah 8:9); and in Luke 6:25 we have, οὐαὶ ὑμῖν οἱ γελῶντες νῦν, ὅτι πενθήσετε καὶ κλαύσετε. Robert Murray McCheyne cried freely over his sins and over those of his people.
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