We might buy a larger house if we had more money. But: If I had $1,000, I would get a new bike; The time of the action can either be thought of in the present or future (not past). It would not be surprising to know that the second conditional is just like the first one. (But the weather is bad so we can't go. Conditional sentences are one of the trickier parts of English grammar: there are 5 types of conditional sentences, and you need to be able to use and identify all of them.As a rule, conditional sentences in English consist of two parts – the main part and the if part (or the conditional part).. In the second conditional, the structural will use and it would be a very impossible or very unusual situation. I would tell you the answer if I knew what it was. If Flora didn’t argue with everyone all the time on all the topics, she would have a more relaxed life. 5. 2. Now you can easily distinguish among the three different sentence structures. Example: If you called me, I would come. If I became President, I would reduce the salaries of all politicians. Introduction It is important to know when and how to use the second conditional. We use different verb forms in each part of a 2nd conditional: (But I am not the Queen.). Have a look at the examples: This kind of conditional sentence is different from the first conditional because this is a lot more unlikely. 3. If I were not in debt, I would quit my job. In …, One of the specific types of clauses which can be …, Future Tense! The Second Conditional: Conditional Sentences Type 2 Usage & Examples. In the above sentence, whatever the speaker is saying is possible. If the weather wasn't so bad, we would go to the park. Learn how and when to use Conditional Sentences Type 2 (Present Unreal Conditional) with useful form, usage and example sentences. I would be happy if I had more free time. If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring. What would you do if you saw a Giant Gorilla? The condition specified in the clause sentences is not actual but an imagination for example dreams, unreal situations and things that have very less chance of happening. Example: If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world. He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket. There are many different topics and levels. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her. If you are going to be talking about something that has a possibility of occurring but is unlikely then you will require the use of the second conditional. In that situation I would travel around the world. Just note that it is not important which clause will come first but it should display some condition. The second conditional is a fun conditional to use. This will then enable you to use it much more more confidently in your spoken and written English. If you went to bed before brushing you wouldn’t be so lazy. 9 Sentences of Second Conditional, 9 Example Sentences Type 2 Conditionals. If Clause Type 2 is used to think of the opposite of an event that is happening in the present or in the future, to put forward a condition and to express the result of this imaginary condition.Therefore, the tense that we can use must be a bit more past than the tense that we will use to express the truth. Learn how and when to use Conditional Sentences Type 2 (Present Unreal Conditional) with useful form, usage and example sentences. See our grammar notes about the following: If you found this grammar guide about the Second Conditional in English useful, let others know about it: A variety of English grammar notes and rules including charts and examples for beginner to advanced level students. Like a first conditional, a second conditional sentence consists of two clauses, an ‘if‘ clause and a main clause. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical. In a Type 2 conditional sentence, the tense in the 'if' clause is the simple past, and the tense in the main clause is the present conditional or the present continuous conditional. Form: The if-clause is put in the simple past, the main clause has got a 'would' + infinitive. Second, we can use it to talk about something in the present which is impossible, because it's not true. If I won a championship I’d be the one to travel for sports. You wouldn’t be so tired if you went to bed earlier. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. These types of sentences are used to express possible or imaginary situations. Where would you choose to reside if you could live anywhere in the world? Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. For example (second conditional): If I had enough money I would buy a house with twenty bedrooms and a swimming pool (I'm probably not going to have this much money, it's just a dream, not very real) Form: The if-clause is put in the simple past, the main clause has got a 'would' + infinitive. If he was... etc. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. If + Past Simple, Present Conditional (would/wouldn’t + Verb (bare form)). If I were taller, I would buy this dress. You wouldn't be so tired if you went to bed earlier. But when you say that, you would be buying a lottery ticket in the future, then winning it becomes absolutely absurd. By: Ivon Ramírez Santiago Rodríguez Jeferson Rodríguez Vargas 2. These types of sentences are used to express possible or imaginary situations. Study English, Second Conditional Exercises, TOEFL Lessons, English Language Schools in USA, UK... © 2003-2020 Learn4Good Ltd: A network of websites listing Schools, Jobs, Travel Abroad, & Games. This conditional is used for unreal situations. Is that clear? Second Conditional Sentence Structure Rules . After reading the lesson and taking the tests, you will be ready to use it correctly in English. You can find links to the exercises at the bottom of the page. Sometimes it’s possible to use ‘should’, ‘could‘ or ‘might’ in place of ‘would‘. In this sentence, you would observe that it is impossible because the speaker is at work and the second clause of the sentence is just imaginary. Table of Contents Introduction Grammar structure Punctuation Examples Exercises 3. If the ‘if‘ clause comes second, there is no need for a comma. We use different verb forms in each part of a 2nd conditional: Note that this “past simple” form is slightly different from usual in the case of the verb BE. The conditional sentences type 2 is used to talk about things which are unreal (not true or not possible) in the present or the future – things which don’t or won’t happen. It is correct, and very common, to say "if I were" instead of "if I was" (subjunctive mood). Flora would travel all over the world if she were rich. It's a condition, right? This lesson shows you the structure, uses, and example sentence.
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